Chapter 12: The Concept of Relative Surplus Value

Page 437

The shortening of the working day, therefore, is by no means what is aimed at inĀ· capitalist production, when labour is economized by increasing its productivity. It is only the shortening of the labour-time necessary for the production of a definite quantity of commodities that is aimed at. The fact that the worker, when the productivity of his labour has been increased, produces say ten times as many commodities as before, and thus spends one-tenth as much labour-time on each, by no means prevents him from continuing to work 12 hours as before, nor from producing in thoseĀ· 12 hours 1,200 articles instead of 120. Indeed, his working day may simultaneously-be prolonged, so as to make him produce say 1,400 articles in 14 hours.