Chapter 23: Simple Reproduction

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Therefore the worker himself constantly reproduces objective wealth, in the form of capital, an alien power that dominates and exploits him ; and the capitalist just as constantly produces labour-power, in the form of a subjective source of wealth which is abstract, exists merely in the physical body of the worker, and is separated from its own means of objectification and realisation ; in short, the capitalist produces the worker as a wage-labourer. This incessant reproduction, this perpetuation of the worker, is the absolutely necessary condition for capitalist production.